::: Welcome to Conservation Genome Resource Bank for Korean Wildlife :::
17_c.gif 문헌정보
17_c.gif 야생동물관련 자료 및 소식
17_c.gif 종정보
17_c.gif 보전유전학/보전생물학 자료
17_c.gif 야생동물의학 소식 및 자료
  - 천연기념물의 대상
sound.gif 갤러리
sound.gif 자유게시판 (옛날 게시판)
sound.gif 관련사이트
sound.gif 자료실
sound.gif 찾아오시는 길
보전유전학/보전생물학 자료

View Article
  운영자 2007-03-05 18:41:31 | Hit : 28902 | Vote : 8874
Subject   [자료] Fine-scale spatial genetic structure and dispersal among spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) breeding populations
Mol Ecol. 2007 Jan;16(2):257-74.  Links

Fine-scale spatial genetic structure and dispersal among spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) breeding populations

Zamudio KR, Wieczorek AM.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-2701, USA. krz2@cornell.edu

We examined fine-scale genetic variation among breeding aggregations of the spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) to quantify dispersal, interpopulation connectivity and population genetic structure. Spotted salamanders rely on temporary ponds or wetlands for aggregate breeding. Adequate breeding sites are relatively isolated from one another and field studies suggest considerable adult site fidelity; therefore, we expected to find population structure and differentiation at small spatial scales. We used microsatellites to estimate population structure and dispersal among 29 breeding aggregations in Tompkins County, New York, USA, an area encompassing 1272 km(2). Bayesian and frequency-based analyses revealed fine-scale genetic structure with two genetically defined demes: the North deme included seven breeding ponds, and the South deme included 13 ponds. Nine ponds showed evidence of admixture between these two genetic pools. Bayesian assignment tests for detection of interpopulation dispersal indicate that immigration among ponds is common within demes, and that certain populations serve as sources of immigrants to neighbouring ponds. Likewise, spatial genetic correlation analyses showed that populations < or = 4.8 km distant from each other show significant genetic correlation that is not evident at higher scales. Within-population levels of relatedness are consistently larger than expected if mating were completely random across ponds, and in the case of a few ponds, within-population processes such as inbreeding or reproductive skew contribute significantly to differentiation from neighbouring ponds. Our data underscore the importance of these within-population processes as a source of genetic diversity across the landscape, despite considerable population connectivity. Our data further suggest that spotted salamander breeding groups behave as metapopulations, with population clusters as functional units, but sufficient migration among demes to allow for potential rescue and recolonization. Amphibian habitats are becoming increasingly fragmented and a clear understanding of dispersal and patterns of population connectivity for taxa with different ecologies and life histories is crucial for their conservation.

PMID: 17217343 [PubMed - in process]

 Prev   [자료] Home ranges and densities of medium-sized carnivores in south-east Finland, with special reference to rabies spread
 Next   [자료] Environmental and historical constraints on global patterns of amphibian richness

Copyright 1999-2024 Zeroboard / skin by daerew
151-742 서울특별시 관악구 신림9동 산56-1 서울대학교 수의과대학 85동 802호
Tel 02-888-2744, Fax 02-888-2754, E-mail cgrb@cgrb.org

Copyright © 2002-2004 CGRB All Rights Reserved