::: Welcome to Conservation Genome Resource Bank for Korean Wildlife :::
 
17_c.gif 문헌정보
17_c.gif 야생동물관련 자료 및 소식
17_c.gif 종정보
17_c.gif 보전유전학/보전생물학 자료
17_c.gif 야생동물의학 소식 및 자료
  - 천연기념물의 대상
sound.gif 갤러리
sound.gif 자유게시판 (옛날 게시판)
sound.gif 관련사이트
sound.gif 자료실
sound.gif 찾아오시는 길
보전유전학/보전생물학 자료

View Article
Name
  운영자 2006-01-24 10:27:05 | Hit : 15401 | Vote : 2454
Subject   [자료] Genetic identification of wild and domestic cats (Felis silvestris) and their hybrids using Bayesian clustering methods
Mol Biol Evol. 2001 Sep;18(9):1679-93. Related Articles, Links  


Genetic identification of wild and domestic cats (Felis silvestris) and their hybrids using Bayesian clustering methods.

Randi E, Pierpaoli M, Beaumont M, Ragni B, Sforzi A.

Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, Ozzano dell'Emilia (BO), Italy. met0217@iperbole.bo.it

Crossbreeding with free-ranging domestic cats is supposed to threaten the genetic integrity of wildcat populations in Europe, although the diagnostic markers to identify "pure" or "admixed" wildcats have never been clearly defined. Here we use mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequences and allelic variation at 12 microsatellite loci to genotype 128 wild and domestic cats sampled in Italy which were preclassified into three separate groups: European wildcats (Felis silvestris silvestris), Sardinian wildcats (Felis silvestris libyca), and domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus), according to their coat color patterns, collection localities, and other phenotypical traits, independently of any genetic information. For comparison, we included some captive-reared hybrids of European wild and domestic cats. Genetic variability was significantly partitioned among the three groups (mtDNA estimate of F(ST) = 0.36; microsatellite estimate of R(ST) = 0.30; P < 0.001), suggesting that morphological diversity reflects the existence of distinct gene pools. Multivariate ordination of individual genotypes and clustering of interindividual genetic distances also showed evidence of distinct cat groups, partially congruent with the morphological classification. Cluster analysis, however, did not enable hybrid cats to be identified from genetic information alone, nor were all individuals assigned to their populations. In contrast, a Bayesian admixture analysis simultaneously assigned the European wildcats, the Sardinian wildcats, and the domestic cats to different clusters, independent of any prior information, and pointed out the admixed gene composition of the hybrids, which were assigned to more than one cluster. Only one putative Sardinian wildcat was assigned to the domestic cat cluster, and one presumed European wildcat showed mixed (hybrid) ancestry in the domestic cat gene pool. Mitochondrial DNA sequences indicated that three additional presumed European wildcats might have hybrid ancestry. These four cats were sampled from the same area in the northernmost edge of the European wildcat distribution in the Italian Apennines. Admixture analyses suggest that wild and domestic cats in Italy are distinct, reproductively isolated gene pools and that introgression of domestic alleles into the wild-living population is very limited and geographically localized.

PMID: 11504848 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
 Prev   [자료] Determining the source of individuals: multilocus genotyping in nonequilibrium population genetics
운영자
  2006/02/09 
 Next   [자료] Genetic diversity and introgression in the Scottish wildcat
운영자
  2006/01/24 


Copyright 1999-2019 Zeroboard / skin by daerew
151-742 서울특별시 관악구 신림9동 산56-1 서울대학교 수의과대학 85동 802호
Tel 02-888-2744, Fax 02-888-2754, E-mail cgrb@cgrb.org

Copyright © 2002-2004 CGRB All Rights Reserved