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  운영자 2006-06-19 11:46:35 | Hit : 28401 | Vote : 8983
Subject   [자료] Conservation genomics: applying whole genome studies to species conservation efforts.
Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;108(1-3):6-15.

Conservation genomics: applying whole genome studies to species conservation efforts.

Ryder OA.

Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, 92112-0551, USA. oryder@sandiegozoo.org

Studies of complete genomes are leading to a new understanding of the biology of mammals and providing ongoing insights into the fundamental aspects of the organization and evolution of biological systems. Comparison of primate genomes can identify aspects of their organization, regulation and function that appeared during the primate radiation, but without comparison to more evolutionarily distant mammals and other vertebrates, highly conserved aspects of genome architecture will not be accurately identified nor will the lineage-specific changes be identified as such. Many species of primates face risks of extinction; yet the knowledge of their genomes will provide a deeper understanding of primate adaptations, human origins, and provide the framework for discoveries anticipated to improve human medicine. The great apes, the closest relatives of the human species, are among the most vulnerable and most important for human medical studies. However, apes are not the only species whose genomic information will enrich humankind. Comparative genomic studies of endangered species can benefit conservation efforts on their behalf. Increased knowledge of genome makeup and variation in endangered species finds conservation application in population evaluation monitoring and management, understanding phylozoogeography, can enhance wildlife health management, identify risk factors for genetic disorders, and provide insights into demographic management of small populations in the wild and in captivity. Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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PMID: 15545710 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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