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  운영자 2006-05-29 11:13:52 | Hit : 9923 | Vote : 2684
Subject   [자료] Rabies, an Emerging Disease in Korea
Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B
Volume 53 Page 111  - April 2006
Volume 53 Issue 3
Rabies, an Emerging Disease in Korea

C.-H. Kim1, C.-G. Lee2, H.-C. Yoon1, H.-M. Nam1, C.-K. Park1, J.-C. Lee3, M.-I. Kang1 and S.-H. Wee1,4


Since the first rabies case was reported in a dog in 1907, the disease was enzootic up to 1975 in Korea. After a steady decrease in the number of rabies cases from 1976 to 1984, no case was reported for 8 years from 1985 to 1992. Then, a resurgence of the disease was noted in 1993, and a continuous increase of rabies cases was observed during the following years. This report provides information on rabies in South Korea during the reemerging period 1993–2003. A total of 364 rabies cases in five different animal species and five deaths in human beings as a result of rabies were reported. Cattle and dogs accounted for 46.4% and 40.4% of total animal cases, respectively, and raccoon dogs commanded an overwhelming majority (44/48) of rabies cases in wildlife animal species. All animal and human rabies cases occurred only in two provinces, Gyeonggi and Gangwon; majority of them in two counties of Gyeonggi and one county of Gangwon province that border the demilitarized zone. From the three counties, the disease continued to expand to the other areas of the two provinces. The average monthly frequency of animal rabies cases during the 11-year period peaked in January, and the incidence was highest during winter. There were three major rabies outbreaks in animals and the number of animal rabies cases increased with time. Data indicate that the temporal patterns were attributable to the ethology of raccoon dogs in the areas of outbreak.

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