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  운영자 2006-01-24 10:34:39 | Hit : 8993 | Vote : 2602
Subject   [자료] Hybrid embryos produced by transferring panda or cat somatic nuclei into rabbit MII oocytes can develop to blastocyst in vitro
J Exp Zoolog A Comp Exp Biol. 2005 Aug 1;303(8):689-97. Related Articles, Links  


Hybrid embryos produced by transferring panda or cat somatic nuclei into rabbit MII oocytes can develop to blastocyst in vitro.

Wen DC, Bi CM, Xu Y, Yang CX, Zhu ZY, Sun QY, Chen DY.

State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China.

The developmental potential of hybrid embryos produced by transferring panda or cat fibroblasts into nucleated rabbit oocytes was assessed. Both the panda-rabbit and the cat-rabbit hybrid embryos were able to form blastocysts in vitro. However, the rates of attaining the two-cell, four-cell, eight-cell, morula, or blastocyst stages for panda-rabbit hybrids were significantly greater than those of cat-rabbit hybrids (P<0.05). Transferring the rabbit fibroblasts into nucleated rabbit oocytes, 31.0% of the blastocyst rate was obtained, which was significantly higher than that of both the panda-rabbit and the cat-rabbit hybrid embryos (P<0.05). Whether or not the second polar body (PB2) was extruded from the one-cell hybrid embryos (both panda-rabbit and cat-rabbit hybrids) significantly affected their developmental capacity. Embryos without an extruded PB2 showed a higher capacity to develop into blastocysts (panda-rabbit: 19.2%; cat-rabbit: 4.3%), while embryos with extruded PB2 could only develop to the morula stage. The hybrid embryos formed pronucleus-like structures (PN) in 2-4 hr after activation, and the number of PN in one-cell embryos varied from one to five. Tracking of the nucleus in the egg after fusion revealed that the somatic nucleus could approach and aggregate with the oocyte nucleus spontaneously. Chromosome analysis of the panda-rabbit blastocysts showed that the karyotype of the hybrid embryos (2n=86) consisted of chromosomes from both the panda (2n=42) and the rabbit (2n=44). The results demonstrate that (1) it is possible to produce genetic hybrid embryos by interspecies nuclear transfer; (2) the developmental potential of the hybrid embryos is highly correlated to the donor nucleus species; and (3) the hybrid genome is able to support the complete preimplantation embryonic development of the hybrids. Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID: 16013061 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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